Automotive and Technology

ArmorThane is generally used as a truck bedliner spray to help protect the truck bed against the elements. But it can do more than that. Essentially, ArmorThane is a spray-on coating that yields any surface a near-indestructible outer cover.

And we do mean near-indestructible. The folks at How It’s Made have tested the power of ArmorThane by dropping all sorts of items masked in it from a 150ft skyscraper. They found that ArmorThane can protect a watermelon, an egg, and a lightbulb from shattering on impact, though not save freight from damage inside the otherwise durable shell.

More practically, ArmorThane is utilized in bulletproof vests, bomb-proof buildings, and in all sorts of purposes where a thin, highly durable coating is required.

But what exactly is ArmorThane? Derek Mueller at Veritas decided to find out:

ArmorThane is a mixture of two diverse molecules with very lengthy names. The two molecules are kept separate until they’re sprayed on a exterior, at which point they experience a chemical reaction.

In this chemical response, the two molecules bind concomitantly, creating a single molecule called polyurea. This molecule comprises very long chains of atoms, and these long chains are the secret of ArmorThane’s concentration.

These chains are long enough that they get trapped together at the atomic scale, which makes them extremely difficult to separate from one another. At the same time, they’re incredibly elastic, which produces the flexible effect that makes for such a enjoyable video.


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A party bus can go by many names. You might hear it being called a luxury bus, party van, limousine bus, limo bus or even a party ride and party bus fort lauderdale. In essence a party bus is a large vehicle that has been converted from a more conventional motor coach or bus. It has generally been modified and then designed to be able to carry more than a dozen people for purposes that are recreational and might involve some sort of celebration. In the main, the bus will typically be driven by a professional driver who is in the employ of the company that owns the bus.

Types and Sizes of a Party Bus Fort Lauderdale

Party buses come in a variety of sizes. Some are small and will only carry 10 people while others are much larger and have a seating capacity for 69 people. In some instances these buses have been made from a converted mini bus or van chassis while in other cases the chassis will have been converted from a motor coach or urban coach.

A bus may have a variety of amenities that can include things like different floor plans, equipment to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act, toilet facilities, strobe lights, disco lights, laser lights, smoke machines, back up cameras, luggage partitions, audio and video equipment, passenger entry doors that are air actuated, stripper poles, seats and fabric that have been upgraded, power windows and door locks, fast idle controllers, electrical systems that have been upgraded and even more.

Why Hire a Party Bus Fort Lauderdale?

Mainly it will be used for things like city tours, birthdays, a night out on the town, casino trips, bachelorette and bachelor parties, proms and weddings. That said, you will also find that they are sometimes used for events such as week-long tours or even just a day trip. Most of the time, this is a type of vehicle that is for hire. It provides an alternative that is more accessible than taxis or limos.

No matter what your event is, you can make it stand out with the sleek and stylish party bus at your service. The drivers and staff of the companies know that your plans can change at the last minute and they are always professional and can help you with these changes with courteous accommodation.

Private outings are a great reason to hire one. No matter where you are planning on going, your group will arrive in style. They can be had for small tour groups as well as for large ones. You will be able to relax and enjoy the day without having to worry about the stress of traffic and dealing with maps and other driving annoyances.

You can hire a party bus for a single day or for a set period of time and then use the bus for casino trips, concerts, theater events, athletic events, dining, shopping, sightseeing and even more! Whatever your event might be, it can get you there safely and comfortably.

Engine coolant leaks should be dealt with as soon as possible before excessive over-heating damages engine components, possibly causing engine failure. Your second generation Camaro belts, hoses, and spark-plug wires could prematurely fail as a result of excessive heat build-up in the engine compartment.

Before searching for the source of the leak, it helps to start with a clean engine. Engine cleaner in spray cans can be found at your local auto parts store.

It is easier to trace and locate a coolant leak in your second generation Camaro by looking for water stains an other signs on a clean engine. Anti-freeze leaks may travel along different paths before dripping on the ground. A flashlight and a small pocket mirror can aid if the source of the leak is not apparent.

Some easy places to look at; radiator hose clamps, sides of radiator along the tank seams, heater hose clamps, and the weep hole on the water pump. Check heater hose connections at the firewall. From under the car, inspect the freeze plugs on the engine block and the bottom hose clamps on radiator and water pump. Hose clamps can loosen up overtime with the cycle of heating and cooling of the rubber hoses; these should be checked first.

Check the seams on the radiator where the tanks and core are soldered, coolant stains can found here. If your second generation Camaro is not equipped with air-conditioning, using a flashlight, peek through the grille at the radiator core. If the car does have air-conditioning, the condenser will be mounted to front of radiator. You can check the core by removing the top radiator mount and carefully pushing the fan shroud back. Engine block freeze-plugs can be difficult to change if this is the source. Exhaust manifolds can be an obstruction. If extraction of a freeze-plug is not possible at the moment, and the leak is small, a temporary fix is possible using block-sealer or radiator sealer in a can.

Every individual who has his backyard junked with an old, damaged car, must have faced a dilemma in his life that forces him to think, whether he should sell the car or dump it. There is always the option open for you to donate the car to another individual who is looking for a used vehicle. Selling it helps you in earning a bit of extra cash. Then why not sell it for a good price?!

If a vehicle owner feels like donating the used vehicle to a particular individual, it is a good idea to get it repaired before giving away to another individual. However, selling the vehicle to an authority for good money is quite a viable idea to make the process most profitable. There are a large number of old car dealers who offer mr cash for cars.

Selling The Junk Car:

The process of selling the old vehicle is as simple as answering certain questions online and then waiting for the shop owner to pick up the vehicle from your place and collect the check. Fill in a form online or offline with all the basic information about the car to get an instant quote. The car owner can agree to the deal or disagree. In some cases, the car is picked from the owner’s place, on the same day. The car owner also receives the amount in cash or check, the same day.

Calling the local junkyard for scrap car removal is an effective option for the owner of an old vehicle. The junkyards also pay a hefty amount for an old vehicle. Many of them offer the service of pick up right from the doorstep of its owner. A small amount might be charged as the fee for the towing service. If the car is not worth quite a large amount, the towing fee might negate the potential amount of profit. Checking online helps the vehicle owner to know the actual value of the car and the towing price.

Why Sell The Old Car?

If the car owner is not quite sure, whether to sell the vehicle or not, affordability is the ideal measurement for making a well thought out decision. If paying the bills for repairing it seems to be quite high, it is a better idea to sell it off. The extra cash earned by the selling of vehicle can be put to good use. It is important to make sure that the amount of exchange money is decided beforehand and no confusion remains about it till the time of pick up. An organization offering mr cash for cars in has a number of employees involved in the process of all sorts of negotiations, towing the car, etc.

It is always a great idea to check whether the company has a good record on Better Business Bureau or not. It is important to get done with the paperwork to keep record of the selling process and transactions happened through the process. Keeping all details about the scrap car removal is helpful for further reference to the process when necessary.

A leaking shower not only produces headaches but it can require a fortune to repair if it is not attended to expeditiously and accurately. In the past, shower renovations would tiles to be removed, and a waterproof membrane applied to secure a water-tight seal. Nowadays, there are solutions which do not require any tile removal or changing of the original aesthetics.

Its a fact that over time, buildings move. Small shifts in underground durability and building foundation settlement can create cracks in your shower or in the bathroom. There are many other causes, but a crack in the wall and floor joinings or in between grouting and tiling causes extensive problems to the wall and floor behind them. By using the DiaOSeal system developed by Shower Repairs Plus, they can repair, re-seal and provide a water-tight shower or bathroom with a very long lasting finish. The DiaOSeal Hydro-barrier is a clear liquid that seals the tiled area, stops further leaks and is non-invasive.

Having a bathroom which has mold and mildew is not pleasant and having a bathroom which leaks water onto woodwork, carpets and through the ceiling can cause great damage. Fixing a leaking shower as quickly as possible is the best and most economical way to keep your house from severe damage.

Once the area is treated, the specialist DiaOSeal sealer is impenetrable by water, stops further leakages; it treats and seals the shower eliminating the failed membrane as well as being retaining its strength against chemical cleaners.

Do you require a service from Shower Repairs Plus? Inspect the taps and tap penetrations behind the flanges for water penetration or leaks. If the sealant is cracked, missing or look in poor condition, reseal the penetrations immediately. Check all of the fixtures and fittings. If a shower is on the first floor, check the ceiling below. If it is sagging, swelling or staining, you have a leak.

In tiled areas, checking the condition of the grout is vital in keeping a shower cubicle free from leaks. Any hair line cracks encourage the formation of efflorescence and carbon calamite. This is when the water seeps through to the cement work and dissolves the lime leaving white scaly salt deposit behind.

Dealing with a leaking shower is vitally important to be performed earlier rather than later. Any signs of damage or leaks, such as staining, cracks in the grouting, efflorescence and damaged walls, means water is leaking.
Silicone and cheap store purchased sealants can crack and age over time. Visually check the area yourself, but have Shower Repairs Plus carry out a compressive service on the shower and have it backed by a 12 written guarantee against leakage.

Read Also: Spray on polyurethane with a paint sprayer rather than applying with a paintbrush for a quick, easy, professional looking finish on DIY furniture projects.

If you’re a vehicle enthusiast or keen on Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) , you might have observed one engine, 3.6L Pentastar V6 engine, can be used on a number of vehicles produced by FCA.

Actually, ten FCA models varying in the Dodge Charger to Ram 1500 to Chrysler Pacifica to Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid towards the Jeep Wrangler, or even a couple of more, have the ability to a 3.6L Pentastar engine around the selection, but exactly how? All of individuals vehicles are extremely not the same as each other, and every one has another gas mileage and convey another quantity of horsepower and torque? We’ll explain.

The engine is definitely an award-winning 3.6-liter Pentastar V6 24-valve dual overhead cam (DOHC) gasoline engine that has been around since 2011 because the Chrysler Pentastar engine. The engine also offers VVT (variable valve timing), that is a newer engine technology that adjusts the timing from the intake and/or exhaust valves to enhance the engine’s efficiency.

Aside from the brand new Chrysler Pacifica and Pacifica Hybrid, the three.6L Pentastar engine has got the same bore and stroke (96 mm x 83 mm) and compression ratio (10.2:1) on all vehicles. The horsepower and torque each model’s engine is slightly various and these small changes could be related to the conventional transmission, and sizes from the stock exhaust and headers.

However, the three.6L engine within the new Chrysler Pacifica includes a compression ratio of 11.3:1 and also the 3.6L engine within the Pacifica Hybrid includes a compression ratio of 12.5:1, which raises the very first reason behind performance variations.

The rise in both engine’s compression ratios is a component that helps you to make both versions from the 3.6L Pentastar engine more fuel efficient compared to other 3.6L Pentastar engines.

Overall the Charger in general includes a better gas mileage, however the Pacifica’s engine is much more fuel efficient. The Pacifica is an even bigger vehicle compared to Charger, so its engine is really more effective so that you can provide it having a gas mileage that’s nearly as good as a vehicle that’s a lot smaller sized.  Quite simply, should you remove both engines and insert them in the very same vehicle, the automobile using the Pacifica’s 3.6L Pentastar engine could be more effective compared to vehicle using the Charger’s 3.6L Pentastar engine.

Nowadays, children, besides of going to the school, practice a sport, mostly a team sport. And just like so many things, this also has its advantages and disadvantages on physical, emotional and mental field.

The decision of which one is greater, the advantages or the disadvantages depend on the point of view of the parents and of the children.

Emotional advantages:

– They will learn the value of teamwork
– They will learn how to work in a team
– They will develop their ability of trusting someone else
– They will learn how to select the trustful people
– They will make more friends

Emotional disadvantages:

– the pressure of being the best
– the possibility of not being the best
– possible emotional implications of not being the best can affect the self-esteem of a child

Mental advantages:

– physical activity stimulates the brain
– sport is a way of relaxing of the stress and pressure from the school, therefore, after exercises, the lessons will be automatically easier to understand and to learn

Mental disadvantages:

– competitive sport takes precedence over a child's education
– learning may be neglected
– lack of mentally challenge

Physical advantages:

– they will learn the benefits of being fit, limber and strong
– it ensures a great and healthy growth of the body of the child
– they will be protected by obesity

Physical disadvantages:

– the danger of long-term injury
– early overuse of joints, ligaments and muscles can lead to joint and tendon problems, arthritis, back and neck problems

These issues have to be considered again and again before deciding on the type of sport that your child will be practicing.

After the performance and features of the cell phone, nothing is more important than the life of the cellular phone battery. The longer the battery life, the more talking before it needs a recharge. Sometimes your cellular phone battery will wear out. It will not hold its charge as long and your talk time will be noticeably diminished. At that point it's time to get a new battery. Make sure you get the correct battery for your cell phone model. If it's the wrong one, it will not fit.

There are actually three different types of materials that make a cellular phone battery. The metals are nickel metal hydride, nickel cadmium and lithium ion. The lithium ion cellular phone battery is the most common because it has the longest battery life, about 3 to 5 hours of talk time. They can be recharged around 200 times before you need to purchase a new one. When you replace your cellular phone battery, make sure to dispose of the old one at the correct hazardous waste place or at a store that will accept old batteries to be disposed.

The cellular phone battery should be stored at room temperature as extremes in heat and cold can damage it. Wait till the battery has completely run dry before recharging. These batteries have a memory, which means that if it normally would have 2 hours of talk time, and you recharged at 1 h hours of talk time, then that's the max charging the battery will accept now. You'll be stuck at 1 h hours of talk time. Read the instructions on charging and recharging the cellular phone battery and make sure you do not overcharge as well.

When purchasing a replacement cellular phone battery, I would suggest buying only OEM (original equipment manufacturer). There have been problems with third party cell phone batteries blowing up. They were sold and made specifically for a certain phone model, but if the battery was manufactured incorrectly it will overheat and blow up during charging. OEM batteries are more expensive, but I think they are well worth the cost.

You can charge up your cellular phone battery with an AC adapter (desktop charger) or car adapter charger. You will generally have to buy the car adapter separately but but I have found it to be invaluable on trips. You can buy the car charger from the same store that you bought the cell phone. Make sure you check the make and model number so that you buy the correct one for your phone.

The most basic definition of gasification is that it is any chemical or heat process used to convert a substance to a gas.

Coal has been gasified ever since the industrial revolution to produce "town gas". This was once done in the local gas works, and every town had one. Heating the coal under controlled conditions with insufficient air to provide complete combustion produces a gaseous fuel known as syngas, which is also what is known as town gas when cooled cleaned and compressed. As we all know using gas as a fuel for so many jobs is vastly more controllable and vastly preferred to using coal.

Gasification technology is at the forefront in the efforts to develop alternatives for conventional furnaces. It is of particular interest because it offers an opportunity to use the product fuel gas in integrated gasification combined-cycle electric power generation (IGCC). Great opportunities are pinned on IGCC as a highly efficient and low polluting emissions technology.

Gasification can also be fueled by materials that are not otherwise useful fuels, such as biomass or organic waste. In addition, it also solves many worries about reducing air quality. This is because the high temperature conversion reaction essential to the process also refines out corrosive ash elements such as chloride and potassium, allowing clean gas production.

Furthermore, many have reported that using their technology product gas heating (calorific) value can be made stable regardless of changes in feedstock type, ash content, or moisture content.

In some types of gasification plant, gasification takes place on the three by-products of pyrolosis and uses them to fuel a second reaction by concentrating the heat onto a bed of charcoal. These coals normally reach 1800+ degrees F, in the gasifier, which is hot enough to break the water vapor into hydrogen, and the CO2 into carbon monoxide.

Gasification is extremely environmentally friendly in that if properly designed, gasification systems produce very minimal pollution even when processing dirty feedstocks, such as high sulfur coals. In addition, gasification can effect large volume reductions in solid wastes while producing an environmentally friendly inert slag-type byproduct.

Jan Becker, Technical Director, of a US energy company growing fast on its gasification skills, added that; "The gasifier is becoming an important factor in the race toward the 'greening of America' as there is more and more awareness that many of the substances that America throws away can be gasified and then made into useful products like electricity, ethanol, methanol, And bio-diesel. "

The gas produced by gases (mainly consisting of 15-25% carbon monoxide, 10-20% hydrogen and 1-5% methane) is combusted in special burners for maximum efficiency. The best high quality gasifier systems can be fed on what are otherwise just low-grade waste oils or tar oils and slurries. Some slurry fed, O2 blown, entrained gasifiers operate at between 2400 degrees F and 2700 degrees F.

In these latest high technology systems high pressure steam is produced for internal and local CHP (Combined Heat and Power) use, by cooling the syngas in a radiant syngas cooler and then using (in this case) two parallel fire tube conveve syngas coolers.

That is the top of the range in technological development. At the bottom. Most basic, level of he gasifier it is really simple. Simply wood burning gasifier stoves can be made to designs freely available as templates which can be made almost completely from junk parts found in various trash bins.

Gasifiers are now also available which are intended for the processing of biomass and organic waste, and this has been found viable at current oil prices, when it is considered that the numerical calculations are based on low-grade coal. It has also been shown shown that the process can be both stable and controllable. New designs can be assessed in advance by taking an assessment of the numerically derived analysis produced by RESORT software, in order to predict the physical and chemical processes in the gasifier. The Euler-Lagrange approach for gas and particle phase is employed and Navier-Stokes ratios are analyzed by the finite volume method.

This module focuses on the basics of Knowledge Mapping, its importance, principles, and methodologies.

Key Questions

  • What is K-map?
  • What does the K-map show, and do do we map?
  • Why is K-mapping so important?
  • What are some of the key principles, methods, and questions for K-mapping?
  • How do we create K-map?


Each of the past centuries has been dominated by single technology. The eighth century was the time of the great mechanical systems involving the Industrial Revolution. The nineteenth century was the age of steam engine. After these, the key technology has been information gathering, processing and distribution. Among other developments, the installation of world wide telephone networks, the invention of radio and television, the birth and unpresented growth of the computer industry and the launching of communication satellites are significant. Now people started to think that only information is not enough, what matters is Knowledge. So there has been seen a shift from Information to Knowledge.

A bit of information without context and interpretation is data such as numbers, symbols.

Information is a set of data with context and interpretation. Information is the basis for knowledge.

Knowledge is a set of data and information, which which is added expert opinion and experience, to result in a valuable asset which can be used or applied to aid decision making. Knowledge may be explicit and / or tacit, individual and / or collective.

The term-Knowledge Mapping- seems to be relatively new, but it is not. We have been practicing this in our everyday life, just what we are not doing is – we are not documenting it, and we are not doing it in a systematic way. Knowledge Mapping is all about keeping a record of information and knowledge you need such as where you can get it from, who holds it, who expertise is it, and so on. Say, you need to find something at your home or in your room, you can find it in no time because you have almost all the information / knowledge about -what is where- and -who knows what- at your home. It is a sort of map set in your mind about your home. But, to set such a map about your organization and organizational knowledge in your mind is almost impossible. This is where K-map becomes handy and shows details of every bit of knowledge that exists within the organization including location, quality, and accessibility; And knowledge required to run the organization smoothly – since making you able to find out your required knowledge easily and efficiently.

Below are some of the definitions:

It's an ongoing quest within an organization (including its supply and customer chain) to help discover the location, ownership, value and use of knowledge artifacts, to learn the roles and expertise of people, to identify constants to the flow of knowledge, and to Highlight opportunities to leverage existing knowledge.

Knowledge mapping is an important practice consulting of survey, audit, and synthesis. It aims to track the acquisition and loss of information and knowledge. It explores personal and group competencies and proficiencies. It illustrates or "maps" how knowledge flows through an organization. Knowledge mapping helps an organization to appreciate how the loss of staff influences intellectual capital, to assist with the selection of teams, and to match technology to knowledge needs and processes.

– Denham Gray

Knowledge mapping is about making knowledge that is available within an organization transparent, and is about providing the insights into its quality.

– Willem-Olaf Huijsen, Samuel J. Driessen, Jan WM Jacobs

Knowledge mapping is a process by which organizations can identify and categorize knowledge assets within their organization – people, processes, content, and technology. It allows an organization to fully leverage the existing expert residency in the organization, as well as identify barriers and constraints to fulfilling strategic goals and objectives. It is constructing a roadmap to locate the information needed to make the best use of resourses, independent of source or form.

-W. Vestal, APQC, 2002

(American Productivity & Quality Center)

Knowledge Map describes what knowledge is used in a process, and how it flows around the process. It is the basis for determining knowledge commonality, or areas where similar knowledge is used across multiple process. Fundamentally, a process knowledge map cntains information about the organization? S knowledge. It describes who has what knowledge (tacit), where the knowledge resides (infrastructure), and how the knowledge is transferred or disseminated (social).

-IBM Global Services

How are the Knowledge Maps created?

Knowledge maps are created by transferring tacit and explicit knowledge into graphical formats that are easy to understand and interpret by the end users, who may be managers, experts, system developers, or anyone.

Basic steps in creating K-maps:

Basic steps – creating K-maps for specific task

  • The outcomes of the entire process, and their contributions to the key organizational activities
  • Logical sequences of all the activities needed to achieve the goal
  • Knowledge required for each activity {gives the knowledge gap}
  • Human resource required to undertake each activity {shows if recruitment is needed}

What do we map?

The followings are the objects we map:

  • Explicit knowledge
    • Subject
    • Purpose
    • Location
    • Format
    • Ownership
    • Users
    • Access right
  • Tacit knowledge
    • Expertise
    • Skill
    • Experience
    • Location
    • Accessibility
    • Contact address
    • Relationships / networks
  • Tacit organic process knowledge
    • The people with the internal processing knowledge
  • Explicit organizational process knowledge
    • Codified organizational process knowledge

What do the knowledge maps show?

Knowledge map shows the sources, flows, constitutions, and sinks of knowledge within an organization. It is a navigational aid to both explicit information and tacit knowledge, showing the importance and the relationships between knowledge stores and the dynamics. The following list will be more illustrative in this regard:

  • Available knowledge resources
  • Knowledge clusters and communities
  • Who uses what knowledge resources
  • The paths of knowledge exchange
  • The knowledge lifecycle
  • What we know we don? T know (knowledge gap)

Activity: 1

>> Can you create your personal knowledge map which shows the types and location of knowledge resources you use, the channels you use to access knowledge?

Where does knowledge tear?

Knowledge can be found in

  • Correspondents, internal documents
  • Library
  • Archives (past project documents, proposals)
  • Meetings
  • Best practices
  • Experience
  • Corporate memory

Activity: 2

>> What are the other places where you can find knowledge?

What are the other things to be mapped?

Benefits of K-mapping

In many organizations there is a lack of transparency of organization wide knowledge. Valuable knowledge is often not used because people do not know it exists, even if they know the knowledge exists, they may not know where. These issues lead to the knowledge mapping. Followings are some of the key reasons for doing the knowledge mapping:

  • To find key sources of knowledge creation
  • To encourage reuse and prevent reinvention
  • To find critical information quickly
  • To highlight islands of expertise
  • To provide an inventory and evaluation of intellectual and intangible assets
  • To improve decision making and problem solving by providing applicable information
  • To provide insights into corporate knowledge

The map also serves as the continuing evolving organizational memory, capturing and integrating the key knowledge of an organization. It enables employees learning through intuitive navigation and interpretation of the information in the map, and through the creation of new knowledge through the discovery of new relationships. Simply speaking, K-map gives employees not only -know what-, but also -know how-.

Key principles of Knowledge Mapping

  • Because of their power, scope, and impact, the creation of organizational-level knowledge map requires senior management support as well as careful planning
  • Share your knowledge about identifying, finding, and tracking knowledge in all forms
  • Recognize and locate knowledge in a wide variety of forms: tacit, explicit, formal, informal, codified, personalized, internal, external, and permanent
  • Knowledge is found in processes, relationships, policies, people, documents, conversations, links and context, and even with partners
  • It should be up-to-date and accurate

K-mapping – key questions

Knowledge map provides an assessment of existing and required knowledge and information in the following categories:

  • What knowledge is needed for work?
  • Who needs what?
  • Who has it?
  • Where does it benefit?
  • Is the knowledge tacit or explicit?
  • What issues does it address?
  • How to make sure that the K-mapping will be used in an organization?


  • K-maps should be easily accessible to all in the organization
  • It should be easy to understand, update and evolve
  • It should be regularly updated
  • It should be an ongoing process since knowledge landscapes are continuously shifting and evolving

Offline Readings:

  • K-mapping tools
  • K-mapping tool selection
  • Creating knowledge maps by exploiting dependent relationships
  • Creating knowledge structure map?
  • White pages
  • KM jargon and glossary

Online Resource: http: // KnowledgeMapping

K-mapping Tools:

  • MindMapping
  • Inspiration
  • IHMC ( (need to have.NET Framework and JavaRunTime installed in your computer)

(Learn more about KM tool selection at )

Categorised K-mapping

Social Network Mapping:

This shows networks of knowledge and patterns of interaction among members, groups, organizations, and other social entities who knows who, who goes to what for help and advice, where the information enters and leaves the groups or organization, which forums and communities of practice Are operational and generating new knowledge.

Competency Mapping:

With this kind of mapping, one can create a competency profile with skill, positions, and even career path of an individual. And, this can also be converted into the? Organizational yellow pages? Which enables employees to find needed expertise in people within the organization.

Process-based Knowledge Mapping:

This shows knowledge and sources of knowledge for internal as well as external organizational processes and procedures. This includes tacit knowledge (knowledge in people such as know-how, and experience) and explicit knowledge (codified knowledge such as that in document).

Conceptual Knowledge Mapping:

Also sometimes called -taxonomy-, it is a method of hierarchically organizing and classifying content. This involves in labeling pieces of knowledge and relationships between them. A concept can be defined as any unit of thought, any idea that forms in our mind [Gertner, 1978]. Often, nouns are used to refer to concepts [Roche, 2002]. Relations form a special class of concepts [Sowa, 1984]: they describe connections between other concepts. One of the most important relationships between concepts is the hierarchical relation (subsumption), in which one concept (superconcept) is more general than another concept (subconcept) like Natural Resource Management and Watershed Management. This mapping should be able to relate similar kind of projects and workshops conducting / connected by two different departments, making them more integrated.

Knowledge is power, broadly accessible, understandable, and shared knowledge is even more powerful!