Automotive and Technology

There are so many different types of automotive leather seat repair, all with different situations and applications. There are holes, scratches, gouges, cuts, scrapes, worn or cracked, and just down right grungy looking leather seats. I think I got them all covered, well in this article we’re going to talk about how to repair a small hole in a leather seat lean back, for those of you who don’t know what a lean back is well it’s the upper part of the seat.

Now when I say small this can apply for a tear up to 1 1/2″ to 2″, probably might go a little bigger, but lets not push it, if it needs to go to the upholstery shop for an insert then that would be better then a crappy looking leather repair on something that probably wouldn’t hold anyways. When in doubt, insert it.

Prepping a seat is the key to success in any leather repair, and a lasting leather dye job. So, prep the whole lean back, and while your at it just clean the whole seat, why not, but you don’t have to, with your prepping solution removing all grease, dirt, and grime. You need a clean surface and a well prepped area to work with. When I prep, I use a solution of rubbing alcohol, acetone, ammonia, and a small amount of TSP substitute, with water in a spray bottle. Spray the seat with the solution and scrub with a scotch brite pad to scuff the leather seat for leather dye adhesion and remove any grime that’s on the seat, then wipe clean with a clean lint free towel. Once your clean, apply a grip base primer to the seat, I usually in most cases will dye the entire lean back when I do a repair or the entire seat, but sometimes it’s not necessary, so you may not need to prime the whole seat, but do clean the seat good this cuts down on the amount of leather dye used and the ending result will be a premium leather repair.

Now to the hole. Lets say it’s in a V shape, just for example. Like where you’ve gott’n out of the seat with something in your back pocket, ouch! I know the feeling, back in college I had a 1986 Mustang SVO, very rare and nice car (man I miss that car) and I got out to go to class with a pen in my back pocket and ripped about a 2″ V shape in the seat, I about puked right there, and of course at the time I didn’t know anything about leather repair. But now I do and here it is.

Sand the area around the tear with a 240 grit sandpaper, this gives a little more for the low heat compound to grip to. Take a piece of underpatch material and slide the under patch under the tear with a pair of tweezers, allowing about a 1/2″ on the inside all the way around. I usually cut my patches in a circular shape, it makes it a little easier to slide under. You can use different types of under patches, I like the kind that is coated on one side with a heat activated glue.

Now take a drop of leather glue and spread a thin coat on the patch on the underside of the leather repair area. If the leather will lay down smoothly and match up then great, but sometimes it just won’t. In this case we will use combo of the glue and your low cure leather repair compound and smooth a small amount over the patch then lay the leather down. Spread a small amount of low heat compound over the area and smooth it out with your pallet knife, remembering to keeping your area as small as possible, the smaller the better. Now heat the area with your heat gun, hold the heat gun out away from the leather repair and slowly move it into the repair area, this will give you just a little more control of the heat, you don’t want to burn and shrink the leather. The idea is to cure the compound and get it to adhere before you cook the leather, it’s a skill thing, practice makes perfect. Once the compound is cured immediately press the grain pad in your palm onto the repair, don’t press to hard, but firm.

At this time using a wet paper towel apply a small amount of grip base to the repair area and dye with your color matched water based leather dye. Dry thin coats of dye, not wet. Then reapply and smooth out another thin coat of compound. Heat again and grain then dye, get the idea, what you are doing is building the repair up. Thin coats of compound applied and cured then reapplied, are much better then one thick coat. Once you have it built up and looking nice, blend the repair into the rest of the seat if needed, by applying thin coats of leather dye to finish it off. Drying between coats of dye with a hairdryer, and one great tip is rubbing the leather dye with your hands to force the dye into the creases of the leather helps a ton, don’t be afraid to get your hands dirty. I say that but I’m allergic to rubber gloves, it bites, so I come home every day with dye all over my hands, it’s a pain, but I love the work and the job looks better with a little bit of love rubbed on those leather seat repairs. After the dye is cured, apply a top coat of satin or dull leather clear top coat mixed with a bit of slip additive added for the soft feel. Dry the seat thoroughly, then apply your leather conditioner to finish and give the seat the juice it needs and a great feel and look for you.

Now there are so many other variations to this fix, sometimes I will have to use an air dry leather repair compound over the top of the low heat compound to smooth out the leather repair. Sanding it with a 400 grit sandpaper until it looks right. You can also turn your air down on your paint gun until little droplets are coming out to give it a textured look, drying between coats. Texture coatings, can be used, but if you do it right the gun effect works great. When I do a leather repair I won’t give up until it looks perfect. Patience is a virtue, right. Don’t get in a hurry, this will only frustrate you more and then you really got issues.

Leather repair is a craft and profession. The dyes and compounds I use are top quality and are made to last. Giving you a lasting leather seat repair, and comfort knowing you have a leather repair that will last and look great for years to come.

I hope this was some help to you, in the coming months there will be more articles like this one but on different situations on leather repair, liked I talked about in the first. There are so many different ways that a leather seat can be damaged, we spend a lot of time in our cars and well “sh$$ happens”, right. So check back to see my next article on automotive leather seat repairs. If you have anything you would like to ask feel free to shoot me some comments on Leather Repair – How To Repair Torn Leather Seat.

The days of drafting being done by hand are long gone, replaced with computerized tools. With the use of 2D CAD, you can get your hands on a simple and very effective tool for completing your drawings. They can be done in less time, modified, and look professional. This can help you to get more jobs and to find a career path you are passionate about.

Finding the Right Program

What you can gain from 2D CAD though depends on the program you use. It is important to find the right program. Don’t settle for one before you check several so you know what is out there. Don’t be in a rush to pay for such a program either. It may surprise you learn some of the best options are actually offered for free.

These tend to have basic features but that doesn’t matter. There is plenty you can do with a 2D CAD program that only offers the basics. If you need something more advanced down the road, you can look for it then. This is a good way to get yourself started with such a program though and to learn how it works. Find one that is easy to navigate so you get the most from it.

Features and Navigation

As you explore the various features of 2D CAD programs, you can decide how you would like to use them. The navigation system and your creative nature are going to aid you with implementing the right features at the right time. By doing so, you will be able to come up with new concepts that you are very proud to stand behind.

They will look very nice and professional. That is important because you want your drawings to be taken seriously. You aren’t going to be able to secure jobs or to consult on jobs if people aren’t able to embrace what you share with them. Knowing you have something remarkable to visually show them is going to enhance your confidence and excitement.

Creating and Changing

There are plenty of ways you can use 2D CAD to create your images. Then you can make changes too without doing it all over again. You can go through variations to offer several options to someone. They will appreciate the effort you went to so they can see how it will look with these features or those features in place.

You don’t have to share with them that it was only a few clicks of the mouse and a little bit of time for you to get those changes done. The 2D CAD system did the rest for you! Once they have narrowed it down, you can move forward with the one they have selected and work from it.

Sharing your Designs

Such a software program can also help you with sharing the drawings and designs you have created. We live in a society where not everyone lives in the same physical location that you may work for. However, you can easily send them an email that has your work as an attachment for them to review. This saves time for discussions and it also breaks down barriers.

There are plenty of benefits to be gained from using this type of software. It all comes down to what you select and how you use it. Have fun experimenting with the various features it offers. Don’t stick with just those you are familiar with. When you play around with the others, it could give you some creative ideas for future concepts.

Cell phone warranties can be a little tricky and mis-understood if you do not take the time to understand how they work and whether exercising your warranty option is the best course of action in some scenarios. I often get asked this question in my line of work, "should I use my warranty, or should I have you fix it? And many times that question depends on a number of things.

A few of the benefits of having a cell phone repair shop fix your phone is in many cases depending on the problem your phone is having, most reputable companies should be able to repair your phone within three days, if in fact your unit is repairable, Which if it is not, the repair shop should be able to let you know within 48 hours. This 2-3 day turnaround average should also include ordering parts that may not be on hand when dropping your phone off if your phone needs parts. This is compared to sending your phone into the manufacturer which could be anywhere from 5-7 business days, up to 2 or 3 weeks.

Another problem with sending you phone in under warranty is 95% of the time, you're going to get a different phone in return. This is known as a refurbished phone which means you will lose the data stored on your broken phone. Many people assume they will get the same phone back and are very disappointed when they realize their information is no longer available.

Another benefit of having a cell phone repair shop fix you phone is you can save your warranty for larger issues such as losing your phone, which is a larger issue than getting your phone repaired in my opinion. The only option you have with losing your phone would be to exercise your warranty or purchase a brand new phone and in most contracts there is only one warranty per device. So it would be smart to use this warranty option when it is really needed.

If having you cell phone repaired by a repeatable company is and option you are interested in. Then clicking here is a great choice to take in consideration.

Second hand clothes are common among most people. They are especially a favorite among young people due to their low-cost. Many stores specialize purely in second-hand clothes, where people can drop off their clothes. The quality and price of second-hand clothes differs, and it is possible to get them when they are almost as good as new. Many high-end shoppers dispose of their high-end goods after using them for a relatively short time and give them to second-hand dealers, so it is possible to acquire designer goods at very little cost. This article examines the pros and cons of second-hand clothing.

Advantages

Cheap

The biggest advantage of second-hand clothing is that it is cheaper than new clothing. Most second-hand dealers acquire the clothes at little or no cost, and sell them off at a bargain. When you decide to buy second-hand clothing, you will end up saving a lot of money for other uses. They are convenient for parents with small children, because children tend to outgrow their clothes faster than adults do.

Conservational aspect

With respect to environmental conservation, it is better to give off used clothes to second-hand dealers than to dump them in garbage sites. Old clothes are an eyesore when littered around and degrade natural resources. In case the clothes are too worn out, give them out to recycling plants.

Variety

Second hand clothes give you a variety of fashion fads to choose from at a low-cost. You can get access to modern trends from a range of choices with a strained budget. It is possible to acquire a complete set of clothes of relatively high quality.

Disadvantages

Wear and Tear

At the shop, it is possible to overlook some flaws n the clothes before buying. These flaws include running color, loose seams, tears and permanent stains. Often, you end up discovering these flaws after you have bought the item and taken it home.

Skin Diseases

Many people have contracted skin diseases and infections from second-hand clothes. When buying, most people do not clean the clothes thoroughly, and any germs are passed to the new owners. This can be prevented by soaking the clothes in disinfectant before use.

Tiresome

It is exhausting to sort through clothes trying to find the one that is free of flaws. It is also hard to get one size that fits perfectly. However, many have gotten lucky to get good, high quality clothes at throw away prices in second-hand shops. In the end, it makes the whole shopping experience fun especially due to the great items that you can get from a second-hand shop.

There are a lot of things to consider when you are shopping for that laptop, the two most important specifications but are going to be your processor and your RAM. Here I am going to explain some of the fundamental features of both so you can make a better choice when buying a laptop for yourself.

PROCESSOR (CPU)

Intel the world's largest semi conductor maker has initiated the process of transitioning into a quad core line of processors. Their range is branded as Core i3, i5 and i7. If you are hunting for a bargain then you could choose its older Core 2 models, but you would be better off sticking to its latest range.

You could also consider a processor from Intel rival AMD which has a qualifying range of products branded as Turion II and Athlon II. If you are a budget shopper then these processes are well worth considering and will serve the purpose for most tasks. The big difference between processors made by AMD is they are simply not as fast as those made by Intel and they tend to act as a drain on battery life.

The most important task is working out exactly how much processing power you need. In general the Core i3 or i5 are suitable for most people. If however you do a lot of video editing then you are going to need a more powerful processor. Gamers in particular believe they need a powerful processor but in practice can actually get away with a slower chip.

Quad core chips still cost a lot and also tend to drain battery life quite quickly. You can identify a quad core chip by the Q denoted next to the machine's model number. If you use your laptop as your main machine, and not taking it out on the road, or you are a gamer or video editor, the quad chip case becomes more compelling.

The decision over processor gets trickier when you are ordering a custom laptop from a manufacturer. You should as a rule avoid the most expensive chipsets on offer and go for the second or third third least costliest chips. The increase in price is usually proportional to performance. You should not spend more than $ 150 upgrading a processor. If you are simply surfing the internet or word processing, even a dual core processor is more than adequate.

MEMORY (RAM)

4GB RAM is the standard memory offered by most manufacturers even on low end laptops and that is really all you need. Starting prices for a laptop with 4GB RAM are just under $ 500. In the past manufacturers used to make consumers pay through the nose when they upgraded the memory whilst custom ordering. More recently, this practice seems to have changed, and only Apple really still does this.

If upgrading your memory to 4GB costs you less than $ 90, which is what it costs separately, then you should definitely upgrade. Upgrading beyond 4GB is going to be expensive, and the only real reason to do it is if you are video editing, and even then it's still not absolutely necessary when you compare it against the expense. For a desktop, spending an additional $ 100 is no big deal, but for a laptop where it is going to cost you an additional $ 300 for 8GB, it's simply not worth it unless your laptop is your primary video editing device.

Have you ever been conned by a wheel seller and bought fake wheels thinking that they were alloy wheels? You are not alone. This is a practice that has become very common as technology evolves. The funny thing is that they look so much alike that you cannot tell which is which. However, you do not have to worry anymore. Here are the methods you can use to prove that those you are buying are actually alloy.

Metal Wheels have with time emerged to be the best wheels in the market. They are the most preferred wheels by many motorists due to their outstanding qualities. You probably have them on your car and cannot replace them with any other type of wheels. Some of the qualities of these wheels that make them stand out in the wheel manufacture industry include;

· Light weight which makes them more efficient

· Strength which makes them withstand great pressure and exposure

· Good heat dissipation

· Variety of designs and

· Great appearance

These are the major characteristics that make up a good wheel and alloy wheels happen to have them.

Many wheel stores have emerged and claimed to sell alloy wheels, but as technology has improved, so has the knowledge of manufacturers who make fake ones. Thus, a great problem has risen where motorist have bought wheels branded as alloy but they wear out quicker than supposed. Maybe, you have been a victim.

The big question that every motorist asks is; how do I tell that the wheels on my car are actually Metal Alloy?

There are a number of proven ways to determine whether the wheels on your vehicle are alloy or steel.

· Acid test

Metal alloy wheels are made of an alloy of aluminum and another metal. Aluminum is not corrosive unlike magnesium. You have to buy an acidic solution for this test and choose a hidden spot at the back of the wheel. You don’t have to worry when carrying out this test because, if it’s an alloy, no corrosion will take place. However, if corrosion happens to occur, the hidden spot will be invisible. Take some amount of the acid and apply it on the chosen spot. If it’s an alloy wheel, it will not corrode but if it is not, corrosion will take place. This will prove that it indeed is not a metal alloy wheel.

· The Magnet Check

Another method used is the magnet check. Aluminum is non-magnetic. Steel on the other hand is very magnetic. Get a magnet and bring it close to the supposed alloy wheel. If the magnet sticks, the wheel is steel and not an alloy. The reverse will also be true. However, this is not a complete proof that the wheel you have is an aluminum alloy wheels. This is because, magnesium also is non-magnetic. This is why the acid test needs to be done.

· The Visual check

This is where you use your eyes and the knowledge you have to check the wheels. If the rim is entirely painted black and it doesn’t appear like an aftermarket wheel, it definitely is not alloy. Another way of telling by visual checking is verifying if the wheel has a hub cap. If it’s there, this is not an alloy either. Most alloy wheels do not use hub caps.

There might be other ways to tell an alloy wheel from a steel wheel, but these are the most outstanding ones. However, if you are not sure about the wheels after checking, it’s always advisable that you visit your car manufacturer or consult your mechanic. Mechanics know a lot. They have worked with fake and real wheels for long and they can tell the difference by just a visual check.

The above stated; Acid test, the magnet check and visual check are the methods which you can apply to determine whether the wheels you have alloy. The acid test is the best proof and the most appropriate of the three.

Make sure you get the right alloy wheels next time and enjoy your rides!

Rugby kits, particular the shirts, have been an area of considerable innovation over the years. Modern dynamically fitting shirts utilise a number of developments and are a million miles away from the baggy cotton shirts of old.

Major sportswear manufacturers like Nike and Adidas have worked tirelessly to research and develop new technologies to give their teams the edge. Let’s have a look at some of their most recent innovations that you can find on the rugby kits of today and their benefit to the modern day player.

The first difference the casual observer would notice between a modern day rugby kit and the jerseys of old would be the tightness of the shirt. The traditional baggy shirts which were ubiquitous until the mid 90s, allowed the opposition plenty of opportunity to grab a handful of shirt as you ghosted past them. Now tight fitting jerseys have been designed with the aim of helping you to evade tackles and break through the opposition’s defence.

Nike now use a Dri FIT fabric to make their rugby kits, which aims to reduce the build up of sweat by dragging moisture away from the body and into the quick drying fabric of the shirt to keep players both cool and dry. This material is extensively tested at Loughborough University to ensure both strength and flexibility.

The collars on many of the present day rugby kits are also elasticised to keep the shirts closer to the body and reduce the opportunity for opposing players to grab hold of any part of the shirt. To this means, the hemlines of modern day Nike kits have the addition of a silicone gripper which works to keep the shirt close to the body.

On the torso of some modern rugby shirts is a strategically placed gripper panel which helps players to keep control of the ball at the point of contact. This is placed across the chest, shoulders and stomach of the shirt in a checked pattern.

It is not just shirts that have been subject to innovation, rugby kits have received a makeover from the toes up. Recent additions to the shorts include a special type of paint which is particularly effective at drying players’ hands during a game and keeping their ball control sharp. The socks now feature material which improves their strength, along with a far better fitting footbed which enhances comfort and reduces the frequency of blisters.

When you have an older computer you need old computer parts when you are upgrading or repairing it. Most new systems are not compatible with the older ones and the same holds true for their parts. For example, if you want to upgrade the RAM in your older system you will find that the styles on the market today are not able to work with your older system. You will have to look for used or refurbished RAM since the older styles are no longer being manufactured. Since the RAM is no longer being produced, the only option for replacement or upgrade is to buy used or old RAM from retailers and wholesalers that offer it.

Where To Find Old Computer Parts

When you are looking for computer parts that are outdated, obsolete or rare it can be tough to locate them. The best places to look are at computer repair shops in your area and of course online. If you are going to spend time calling around to local repair shops, be sure you know what you are asking for. If the system is not running and you do not know what it needs, you will need to contact the repair shop first anyways. If you do know what the system needs you can avoid the repair shop and start shopping online, as long as you know what the part is you're looking for. Say RAM for instance, if you are upgrading it, some of the older systems will require you to have identical chips side by side. You need to know what motherboard is in your system to find out what it will support. You may be able to find large pieces of RAM but if your board does not support it you will have wasted your money.

When you feel confident that you know what parts you need and that you understand what your board will support, start shopping around. You may be surprised to find that just because they are old computer parts does not mean they are cheap computer parts. Many times you will end up paying more for an outdated and obsolete part than you would for a new one. This is mainly due to the fact that the manufacturer has stopped production on the parts and they have become extremely rare. RAM is typically the most expensive component you can buy for your older system, it is the most common part that gets upgraded or replaced in an old computer.

Sound cards, video cards and other components are normally still in the same format and can be purchased to fit even older systems. Motherboards are not normally replaced with the same old motherboard when doing upgrades or replacements, so they run fairly cheap. CPU's are sometimes bought out and purchased for repair on an older system but it is rare since you can typically get a motherboard and CPU package for much cheaper and upgrade the system to a newer more compatible system with today's technology.

You can shop around on auction sites such as eBay or look at retailers and wholesalers on the internet that offer older parts for older systems. Many sites will not advertise their old parts as part of their normal stock, so ask if they have what you are looking for.

Warranty on Old Parts

You can expect that you are not going to get a warranty with the purchase of old parts. Since the manufacturer no longer produces the parts you can assume they are well out of warranty. The company you buy them from may offer a warranty or guarantee that the parts will work, but not always. If there is a guarantee in most instances it will be for 30 days or sooner and you will have to notify the company right away if the part is defective in order to get a replacement or refund. If the old computer parts you purchased are extremely rare you may not be able to get replacement if they are defective and only be able to ask for a refund. Do not hesitate to ask the company about their refund and replacement policies on the old parts, it will be the only recourse you have if something goes wrong.

Every little detail matters when you try to shave time off your racing best and when you need to be able to accelerate faster than the competition. This is why NGK spark plugs are a wise investment! They can help you to improve what you offer and make it a viable solution. It may be just one of the many high performance items you have on your vehicle.

Any time you complete a tune up on our vehicle, there are certain things you need to look at and to change. This is the perfect time for you to go with NGK spark plugs and to get some other upgrades in motion. You can do this on your own and you can get it all completed in just a short window of time.

Remove the Older Worn Ones

It doesn’t take much time at all to remove the older worn out ones and replace them with NGK spark plugs. Make sure they are the right fit and you have the right gap between them. The power and the performance you gain with your engine is dependent on them being properly in place. You want the very best outcome, even if you get just a boost for your own pleasure.

You can have the provider you get them from set the gap if you need for your NGK spark plugs. This can be a good idea if you don’t have experience with it or you want to get the job done in the least amount of time. When you change them, this is a good time to also replace your spark plug wiring.

This is to help ensure you have the right amount of power going to them. If not, it can hinder the performance boost these items would otherwise be able to offer to you. The wiring isn’t hard to replace and very inexpensive. If you are going to go the distance with overall performance, you may as well do this as a set.

Find a Fit for Anything you Need

You can use NGK spark plugs to fit just about anything you need too. It doesn’t matter what type of vehicle you are trying to improve. It is important to get those that fit the make and model of your vehicle. The year can also influence what will fit so make sure you have such data. Ask the provider for help if you aren’t sure what will fit the particular vehicle you need them for.

The pricing for NGK spark plugs depends on what you buy and where you buy them. However, they aren’t going to be high dollar. While they are high performance, they don’t cost too much more than basic ones. Once you get them installed and notice the improvements to your vehicle, you will find that amount is well worth it.

You may not believe the difference this change can make, but you will once you get them installed. You may be skeptical at first but it is a wise step to take. You may be trying to get an older collectible vehicle to run better than it ever did or you may be trying to get a brand new vehicle to perform at unbelievable levels. Once you have them installed, that is all it takes.

You will never go back to using anything else. Many people are loyal to this brand for many performance parts. They know they can trust them to last, to deliver on performance claims, and to last a long time. They consider it all an investment that they can feel justified they made.

Today, computer engineering jobs continue to command competitive salaries and opportunities. Their unique skill set makes them invaluable for every company, especially those that involve communication and technology. So if you are interested to pursue a computer engineer job, here are 10 essential information about your prospect career:

1. What does a computer engineer do? They are equipped with the competencies of both an electrical engineer and a computer scientist. The marriage of two highly technical professions directed to a very in-demand offspring.

2. The job description can be used in any industry where computers play a crucial role in its business operation. They can design new systems to meet evolving business requirements, and also help maintain and improve these set-ups.

3. A salary reveals the scope and depth of their duties and responsibilities. In the United States, the median annual learning of a computer engineering job reaches the $ 100,000 pay scale. It is one of the highest paid specializations in the engineering profession.

4. Robotics is one of the more exciting growth areas of a computer engineering career. As businesses continue to seek ways to lower operational costs, the advent of a well-oiled and flawless machine becomes an attractive promise.

5. Much of our modern conveniences are the creation of this field. Since embedded systems combine an important area of ​​this profession, then we owe our digital media players, mobile phones, alarm systems, and x-ray machines to these forward-looking scientists.

6. Because of its popularity, it is offered in a large number of universities and colleges. Each has their own expertise, so choose an institution that can give you the best training in your preferred field.

7. Interesting fact: guess who will be the next to take on a computer engineering job? None other than the Barbie doll, who has been anyone from a fitness instructor to a high-powered business executive.

8. Hardware or software? Computer engineers need not choose one, because they are adept in both. They are concerned from the architecture to the programmed design of a system.

9. Computer engineers have the option to specialize on the following areas: artificial intelligence, computer systems, computer architecture, computer networks and integrated circuits, as well as systems and computations.

10. These are the non-negotiable skills and obligations of a computer engineer: analytical, detail-oriented, and must be able to work in team situations, especially when fixing a systems problem where other departments are involved.

For sure, the job can lead to a rewarding and prosperous career. With the 10 basic facts presented above, you are ready to explore a profession that is attuned to modern times.